Divine Justice?

The idiotic claims from televangelist Pat Robertson — that the earthquake in Haiti may be a blessing in disguise and is a result of the pact the Haitians made long time ago with Satan to help them against French imperialists (video link) — reminds me of a similar speech made by Gandhi in 1934 to the victims of earthquake in rural Bihar.

On 15th January 1934, a colossal earthquake hit Bihar […] The death toll was estimated at twenty thousand. Gandhi visited Bihar in March and spoke to the bereaved, destitute and homeless people. The earthquake, he told them, “is a chastisement of your sins.” And the particular sin that he had in mind was the enforcement of untouchability.

Even Gandhi’s closest supporters were horrified. The victims of the earthquake had included poor as well as rich […] But Gandhi was explicitly blaming the victims, appropriating a terrible disaster to promote his own religious ideas. Nehru, who had been helping the relief efforts in Bihar, read Gandhi’s remarks “with a great shock”. But the most effective refutation came from Rabindranath Tagore, long one of the Mahatma’s greatest advocates. Tagore argued caustically that this supposedly “divine” justice, if such it was, constituted the least just form of punishment imaginable. [From Indian Summer, Tunzelmann]

Behind these types of – possibly noble yet misleading and plain wrong – claims lie the fundamental tenets of religion(s) that demand and propagate the need for a greater (divine) purpose of life and events. Once you give in to the belief that our existence in this world (and the existence of this universe) has a purpose; and explanation that is anything other than natural and rational, you’re in for a whole lot of nonsensical, unscientific, and dogmatic convictions (like God punishes you for your sins etc.) Here’s a passage from an article on Slate by Hitchen:

Earthquakes and tsunamis are to be expected and can even to some degree be anticipated. It’s idiotic to ask whose fault it is. The Earth’s thin shell was quaking and cracking millions of years before human sinners evolved, and it will still be wrenched and convulsed long after we are gone. These geological dislocations have no human-behavioral cause. The believers should relax; no educated person is going to ask their numerous gods “why” such disasters occur. A fault is not the same as a sin.

However, the believers can resist anything except temptation. Where would they be if such important and frightening things had natural and rational explanations?

Indeed, where would they be?


4 responses to “Divine Justice?

  1. Pingback: Tweets that mention Divine Justice? « A Blank Slate -- Topsy.com

  2. Wrushali Gangal

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  3. rags

    Coming to your blog after a long time….

    Nice article you have here. Its true, Gandhi did say those things which suitably shocked people but I think it was more to do with what the people believed in than his own belief. Indians then (and now) were extremely superstitious and religious (the caste system and untouchability too had the sanction of religion) and Gandhi might have thought it was the right opportunity to use the situation to address a pressing social issue which inspite of all the laws and provisions persisted mainly because people thought it was divinely ordained.. Yeah, his approach does seem to be crude and insensitive.

    Coming to the point of your post, I sometimes think there is a purpose to my existence (and everyone else’s too). Life otherwise would be too random IMO. We all (sometimes) see a definite pattern in the way things happen… Haven’t you ever felt that your life might have a higher purpose? Just wondering…

    • Vishal

      I actually don’t subscribe to the “life-has-a-greater-purpose” belief, however comforting that belief might be.

      Albeit, this doesn’t make me think that life is meaningless. Nor it inspires me to become nihilistic or immoral. Life is precious… even miraculous (“To live at all is miracle enough.”
      — Mervyn Peake, The Glassblower). But divine? I think not.

      P.S. I just wrote another post on this subject “Seekers of Depth and Profundity”.

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